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cervical cancer logoWhat is Cervical Cancer?

The female reproductive system consists of two ovaries, two fallopian tubes, the uterus (womb) and the vagina. The cervix is the neck of the womb. It is made up of millions of tiny cells. Changes can occur to these cells which, if left untreated, could develop into cervical cancer. Infection of the cervix with the human papilloma virus (HPV) is the most common cause of cervical cancer. If left untreated, this may slowly become cancerous.

Cervical cancer is the tenth most common cancer among women in Singapore.* It is the most common cancer of the female reproductive system. It can be detected through a vaginal examination, which allows for the wide use of the Papanicolaou (Pap) smear as a reliable and affordable screening test. All sexually active women should go for regular Pap smear screening. 

* Singapore Cancer Registry, Interim Annual Registry Report, Trends in Cancer Incidence in Singapore 2010-2014

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